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jenn

Murder by Death

I read cozy and historical mysteries, a bit of Paranormal/UF, and to mix it up, I read science and gardening books on occasion.

16 Tasks of the Festive Season: Fourteenth Square - Dies Natalis Solis Invicti / Quaid-e-Azam

Dies Natalis Solis Invicti

 

Sol Invictus, the "Unconquered Sun”, was the official sun god of the later Roman Empire and a patron of soldiers. On 25 December 274 AD the Roman emperor Aurelian made it an official cult.   Sol Invictus was favored by emperors after Aurelian and appeared on coinage until Constantine I. The last inscription referring to Sol Invictus dates to AD 387, although and there were enough devotees left in the 5th century that Christian theologian Augustine preached against them.

 

On 7 March 321 AD, Constantine decreed dies Solis, day of the sun or “Sunday”, as the Roman day of rest:

 

“On the venerable day of the Sun let the magistrates and people residing in cities rest, and let all workshops be closed. In the country however persons engaged in agriculture may freely and lawfully continue their pursuits because it often happens that another day is not suitable for grain-sowing or vine planting; lest by neglecting the proper moment for such operations the bounty of heaven should be lost.”

 

 

 

Quaid-e-Azam

 

The birthday of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founder of Pakistan.  Muhammad Ali Jinnah was a lawyer, politician, and the founder of Pakistan. Jinnah served as leader of the All-India Muslim League from 1913 until Pakistan's independence on 14 August 1947, and then as Pakistan's first Governor-General until his death. He is revered in Pakistan as Quaid-i-Azam (Urdu for "Great Leader”) and Baba-i-Qaum (Urdu for “Father of the Nation”).

 

According to the Associated Press of Pakistan, this year’s celebrations in Faisalabad will include “essay competitions, debates/declamation contests, panel discussion, seminars, symposium, thematic dramas and other programmes…  He added that various sports competitions had also been arranged […] relating to the Quaid-e-Azam Day celebrations.”  All government and private buildings will also be illuminated for three days from December 23 to 25.